What is ethno tourism?
Definition of ethno-
: race: people : cultural group <ethnocentric>
Origin of ethno-
- French, from Greekethno-, ethn-, from ethnos
Definition of tourism
- :the activity of traveling to a place for pleasure
- :the business of providing hotels, restaurants, entertainment, etc., for people who are traveling.
Definition of ethno tourism
Those activities that are linked with travelling, where the tourist participate actively and is involved a¨ town¨ or ¨race¨ that articulates elements of cultural history value, convictions and daily activities that represent them (Guevara, 2012).
Travel conducted in whole or in part to visit and experience primitive cultures and societies (www.travel-industry-dictionary.com/ethnotourism.html).
Why we are interest work on ethnic communities?
Ethnic and tribal communities are considering worldwide a monitory section of the societies in any nation and sometimes like a ¨problematic¨ people. As a result of this these communities suffers social problems as, poverty (sometimes extreme), segregation, writing-reading skills (according our education system) and probably more social-economic issues.
In their fight to continue surviving they started to develop economic activities including tourism, as a, complementary economy activity.
Ethnoturism.org, justify those efforts in ethnic communities because there are linked with the statutes created by the International Organizations with the main objective to eradicate social and environmental problems. Ethnoturism.org strongly believes if we support those entrepreneurship we´ll been creating a better opportunities in the future for the ethnic communities and the environment without lose their religion and culture.
An example of Organizations that are related with ethno tourism activities
Sustainable Development Goal (October 2015)
- End poverty in all its forms everywhere
- End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
- Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
- Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
- Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
- Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
- Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
- Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
- Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
- Reduce inequality withing and among countries
- Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
- Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
- Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts*
- Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
- Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
- Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
- Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development
International Labour Organization
Indigenous and tribal peoples have their own cultures, ways of life, traditions and customary laws. But throughout history, lack of respect for these cultures has led to social conflict and bloodshed in far too many cases around the world.
Eliminating discrimination against indigenous and tribal peoples in employment and occupation (No. 169) de la OIT, 2007
Convention No. 111 provides an important framework for promoting the rights of indigenous women and men to equality and decent work in line with the Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989 (No. 169) and the 2007 United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Indigenous peoples’ equal access to decent work that respects their needs and aspirations is not only a matter of human rights, it is crucial to the attainment of international and national development objectives.
Agenda 21: Chapter 26
Recognizing And Strengthening The Role Of Indigenous People And Their Communities
Indigenous people and their communities have an historical relationship with their lands and are generally descendants of the original inhabitants of such lands…. Indigenous people and their communities represent a significant percentage of the global population. They have developed over many generations a holistic traditional scientific knowledge of their lands, natural resources and environment.
…In view of the interrelationship between the natural environment and its sustainable development and the cultural, social, economic and physical well-being of indigenous people, national and international efforts to implement environmentally sound and sustainable development should recognize, accommodate, promote and strengthen the role of indigenous people and their communities.